Cannabidiol (CBD) is a cannabis compound (known as cannabinoids) that has numerous health benefits, however it does not get you “high”. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the cannabis compound that has the psychoactive properties that get you “stoned”. CBD and THC are only two of the compounds (there are more than 80 total cannabinoids). From recent research, CBD is the most promising compound from a health and wellness perspective. CBD is found in the cannabis plant, known as hemp. Hemp and marijuana come from the same genus name and general umbrella term, Cannabis Sativa (which all forms of marijuana and hemp fall), but they are very different. One of the major differences of the two plants is that hemp has 0.3% THC or less and a greater percentage of CBD. Hemp is commonly referred to a industrial hemp. Hemp is used for making herbal supplements, food, fiber, rope, paper, bricks, oil, natural plastic and so much more.
All of the cannabinoids interact with the body through the endogenous cannabinoid system (ECS also known as the endocannabinoid system) and the cannabinoids attach themselves to millions of receptors (called CB1 and CB2 receptors) in the body to produce their effects. The human body also produces certain cannabinoids on its own called endocannabinoids. CBD is a phytocannabinoid or plant-based cannabinoid. CB1 receptors are discovered all throughout the body, but many of them are clustered in the brain. The CB1 receptors in the brain deal with coordination, movement, pain, emotions, mood, thinking, appetite, memories and many more functions. CB2 receptors are mostly found in the immune system and CB2 receptors mainly affect pain and inflammation. Almost every organ of your body, including your skin and digestive tract, contains these cannabinoid receptors. Unlike THC, CBD does not interact directly with the CB1 and CB2 receptors. This is reasoning why CBD does not cause any psychoactive effects. Instead, CBD inhibits the enzymes that break down endocannabinoids, leading to an increase in your body’s naturally-produced cannabinoids.